Visual Artist

Two Plus Four Agreement

However, the treaty did not enter into force until six months later, on March 15, 1991. The Soviet Union was the last of the six signatory states to ratify the agreement, just in time for the summer coup against Gorbachev and against a fickle sentiment of the Soviet Union against the reunification of Germany. The Treaty on the Final Settlement for Germany – also known as the Two Plus Four Agreement – was signed on 12 September 1990 in Moscow. It was a historic day for Germany. The signatures resulted in nothing less than the end of the occupation of the four victorious powers of the Second World War in Germany, but at the same time to the overcoming of the division of Europe and thus the end of the Cold War, whose front line crossed Germany. On 12 September 1990 in Moscow, the foreign ministers finally signed the “two plus four” treaty. It regulated Germany`s borders and future status. Two weeks later, the victorious powers issued an official declaration in which they renounced their rights and obligations for still occupied Germany. The federal government and the freely elected government of the GDR in March 1990 had already signed the Treaty of Unification between the two states on 31 August 1990, which defined the framework for domestic policy. But the GDR was unable to formally accede to the Federal Republic of Germany until the “two plus four” treaty clarified aspects of foreign policy. After only six months, the foreign ministers of the two German states and the four allies signed the agreement on 12 September 1990 in Moscow. The Allies immediately suspended their rights; On 2 October, the treaty was also submitted to the CSCE states, which became aware of it “with great satisfaction”.

Negotiations between the two German states and four allies were dramatic in 1990. The peaceful revolution of 1989 had made German unity possible, but could only be concluded by a treaty. With archival recordings, contemporary documents and largely unknown CIA files, the documentary takes a behind-the-scenes look at these important negotiations 30 years ago. We are talking to politicians and diplomats involved in the controversies over German unity and the agreements reached at the time, including former US Secretary of State James Baker and French Foreign Minister Roland Dumas, chief negotiators Robert Zoellick, Dieter Kastrup, Bertrand Dufourcq and Philip John Weston, as well as advisers to Francois Mitterand, Helmut Kohl and Margaret Thatcher. And members of the last East German government, such as Prime Minister Lothar de MaiziĆ©re, Foreign Minister Markus Meckel and Thilo Steinbach, tell us how they experienced the unification process in the days leading up to the end of their country. Radio time: taking into account the rights and responsibilities of the four powers towards Berlin and Germany as a whole, as well as the corresponding war and post-war agreements and decisions made by the four powers; In early February 1990, France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States adopted the “two plus four” format in Ottawa. The aim is to “resolve the foreign aspects of German unification, including the security issues of neighbouring countries with the two German states.” The first round of negotiations between the six states began in May in Bonn, followed by others in East Berlin and Paris in the summer, and in Moscow in September. Ronald Reagan`s military construction in the United States and Gorbachev`s perestroika and glasnost in the Soviet Union had created the necessary conditions for what seemed unthinkable for more than four decades: representatives of the two German states and the four victors gathered around a table and established consensus. The Treaty on the Final Settlement with respect for Germany (in German: the Treaty on the Final Settlement on Germany [a] or the Two Plus Four Agreement (In German: Two Plus Four; b) in German Short) was negotiated in 1990 between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic (both names) and the four powers that occupied Germany in Europe at the end of the Second World War.

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